Skincare Ingredient Tips

Hey! Here's some information on ingredients we think you should know about!

We decided for organization that a table would be the best way to present this information. Below it will be some further clarification on some terms.

INGREDIENT WHAT IT IS WHY IS IT IMPORTANT
BHA/Salicylic Acid  Anti-inflammatory, Exfoliant, Preservative  Deep Removal of Dead Skin Cells, Prevents Acne, Soothes, Removes Blackheads
AHA Exfoliant Brightens skin tone, Removes Dead Skin Cells
Citric Acid AHA, Buffering, Exfoliant Adjusts pH, Brightens Skin Tone, Removes Dead Skin Cells
Glycolic Acid AHA, Exfoliant Anti-aging, Brightens Skin Tone, Firms Skin, Removes Dead Skin Cells
Lactic Acid AHA, Exfoliant, Humectant, Moisturizer Anti-Aging, Brightens Skin Tone, Firms Skin, Hydrates, Moisturizes, Nonirritating, Removes Dead Skin Cells
Mandelic Acid AHA, Antibacterial, Antimicrobial, Exfoliant Brightens Skin Tone, Nonirritant, Removes Dead Skin Cells
PHA/Lactobionic Acid Antioxidant, Buffering, Exfoliant, Moisturizer Adjusts pH, Anti-aging, Moisturizes, Nonirritant, Reduces Free Radicals, Removes Dead Skin Cells
Vitamin A/Retinol Antioxidant, Exfoliant, Retinoid Anti-aging, Firms Skin, Stimulates Cell Growth, Prevents Acne, Reduces Free Radicals
Vitamin C/Ascorbic Acid Antioxidant, Melanin Inhibitor Anti-aging, Brightens Skin Tone, Firms Skin, Reduces Free Radicals 
Vitamin E/Tocopherol Antioxidant, UV Blocker Moisturizes, Prevents UVB Damage, Reduces Free Radicals
Niacinamide/Vitamin B3 Antioxidant, Humectant, Melanin Inhibitor, Moisturizer Anti-aging, Brightens Skin Tone, Firms Skin, Hydrates, Nonirritant, Prevents Acne, Stimulates Cell Growth, Reduces Free Radicals, Wound Healing
Pantenol/Pro-Vitamin B5 Anti-inflammatory, Humectant, Moisturizer Moisturizes, Soothes, Wound Healing
Fatty Acids Skin-identical Ingredient Hydrates, Moisturizes, Nonirritant
Lauric Acid Fatty Acid, Antimicrobial, Emulsifier Moisturizes, Nonirritant, Prevents Acne
Linoleic Acid Emollient, Fatty Acid, Skin-identical Ingredient Brightens Skin Tone, Moisturizes, Nonirritant, Prevents Acne, Wound Healing
Linolenic Acid Anti-inflammation, Emollient, Fatty Acid, Skin-identical Ingredient Brightens Skin Tone, Moisturizes, Nonirritant, Soothes
Jojoba Oil Anti-inflammatory, Emollient, Fatty Acid Moisturizes, Nonirritants, Soothes 
Aloe Vera Anti-inflammatory, Humectant, Moisturizer Hydrates, Moisturizes, Soothes, Wound Healing
Bee Venom Anti-inflammatory, Astringent, Skin Protecting Firms Skin, Improves Circulation, Soothes
Caffeine Antioxidant Improves Circulation, Reduces Free Radicals
Calendula Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory  Soothes, Reduces Free Radicals, Wound Healing
Ceramide Moisturizer, Skin-identical Ingredient Hydrates, Moisturizes, Nonirritant
Ginseng Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory, Emollient Anti-aging, Improves Circulation, Soothes, Reduces Free Radicals
Tea Tree Oil Antibacterial, Anti-inflammatory, Antimicrobial Prevents Acne, Soothes
Green Tea Antibacterial, Anti-Inflammatory, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, Humectant, Moisturizer, UV Blocker Hydrates, Moisturizes, Nonirritant, Prevents UVB Damage, Soothes, Reduces Free Radicals
Honey Antibacterial, Anti-inflammatory, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant,  Humectant, Moisturizer Anti-aging, Moisturizes, Nonirritant, Soothes, Reduces Free Radicals, Wound Healing
Hyaluronic Acid/Sodium Hyaluronate Humectant, Moisturizer, Skin-identical Ingredient Firms Skin, Hydrates, Moisturizes
Jojoba Oil Anti-inflammatory, Emollient, Fatty Acid Moisturizes, Nonirritants, Soothes 
Licorice Root Extract Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Melanin Inhibitor Anti-aging, Brightens Skin Tone, Nonirritant, Soothes, Reduces Free Radicals
Propolis Antibacterial, Anti-inflammatory, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, Humectant, Moisturizer Hydrates, Moisturizes, Nonirritant, Prevents Acne, Reduces Free Radicals, Wound Healing 
Snail Mucin Antioxidant, Humectant, Moisturizer Anti-aging, Firms Skin, Hydrates, Moisturizes, Nonirritant, Soothes, Wound Healing
Squalane Emollient, Skin-identical Ingredient Firms Skin, Moisturizes, Nonirritant
1,2-Hexanediol Humectant, Emollient, Solvent Boosts Antimicrobial traits of Preservatives, Hydrates, Moisturizes
Adenosine Anti-inflammatory, skin-restoring Anti-aging, Firms Skin, Soothes, Wound Healing
Arbutin Antioxidant, Melanin Inhibitor Brightens Skin Tone, Reduces Free Radicals
Betaine Humectant, Moisturizer  Hydrates, Moisturizes
Beta Glucan Anti-Inflammatory, Antioxidant, Humectant, Moisturizer Anti-aging, Moisturizes, Nonirritant, Soothes, Reduces Free Radicals, Wound Healing
Butylene Glycol Humectant, Moisturizer, Solvent Hydrates, Moisturizes
Cetearyl Alcohol Emollient, Moisturizer Moisturizes, Nonirritant 
Dimethicone Emollient  Moisturizes 
Glycerin Humectant, Moisturizer, Skin-identical Ingredient Hydrates, Moisturizes, Nonirritant 
Madecassoside Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory Soothes, Reduces Free Radicals, Wound Healing
Saccharomyces Ferment Filtrate Anti-inflammatory, Humectant, Moisturizer Anti-aging, Brightens Skin Tone, Hydrates, Moisturizes, Stimulates Cell Production
Tiger Grass/Centella Asiatica Antibacterial, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Humectant, Moisturizer Anti-aging, Improves Circulation, Moisturizes, nonirritant, Soothes, Reduces Free Radicals, Wound Healing
Urea/Carbamide Skin-identical Ingredient, Humectant, Moisturizer Moisturizes, Nonirritants
Titanium Dioxide UV Blocker, Mineral Protects against UVA and UVB damage
Zinc Oxide UV Blocker, Mineral Protects against UVA and UVB damage, Non-irritating

 

 

OUR SHORTHAND SKINCARE DEFINITIONS

Anti-inflammatory - This is a common sought out property for those looking to reduce redness. Usually when you see this as a quality of an ingredient, it is safe to say that the ingredient will be great for sensitive skin types. Most products that aim to soothe skin and reduce irritation have ingredients that are anti-inflammatory.

Buffer - This is a term to describe pH. When you see the word buffer or buffering this generally means that the product attempts to bring your skin pH level back to normal (around 5.5). Buffers in skin care generally aim to lower pH levels.

Humectant - This is just a fancy way to say that this ingredient is moisturizing. An ingredient that is a humectant has the ability to bind water to your skin.

Anti-bacterial vs Anti-Microbial Anti-bacterial refers to the ingredient's ability to prevent bacterial growth, while anti-microbial refers to the ingredient's ability to prevent bacterial growth as well as molds, fungi, and some virus strains.

Free radicals - These guys harm the skin by doing all sorts of bad things, typically by causing oxidation. Generally they are created by UV radiation, and they can damage skin DNA, cellular respiration, and collagen production. Free radicals are what you want to reduce to take anti-aging measures.

Anti-oxidants - This kind of ingredient removes free radicals. This is the line of defense against aging. Free radicals create harmful oxidation, while anti-oxidants do what their name implies. Another thing to note is that some studies show that anti-oxidants can also be anti-inflammatory for certain sensitive skin types, such as those with rosacea.

Astringent - An ingredient that is astringent typically means that it has the ability to eliminate oils. They can also be pore tightening and, in higher concentrations or more powerful variants, drying.

Skin Brightening / Melanin Inhibitor - This kind of quality in an ingredient means that it helps with uneven skin tone, for example dark spots from old acne scars. Melanin is basically what causes darker skin pigmentation, so you want to inhibit the production of it to brighten those darker areas. Ascorbic acid (vitamin c) is an example of an ingredient that does this. However with these types of products you have to be extra aware of UV radiation. Your skin will be more susceptible to burning with the use of these products. Wear sunscreen. And also, store these products in a darker place, because they are photosensitive and will degrade in contact with sunlight.

UV Filter / Blocker - This type of an ingredient filters UV radiation. There is not a chemical out there that can completely block UV radiation, so UV blocker is not the best word choice; however, we want to stress the ties these ingredients have with sunblock. On an important side note, if you have sensitive skin type, look for sunscreen with metal oxides ONLY in them (titanium dioxide and zinc oxide are the only ingredients that are metal oxides in sunscreens).

Skin-identical Ingredient - We use this term to show that this kind of ingredient by its chemical nature is found naturally on the skin. For example, ceramides are found to be 50% of the natural skin barrier on your outermost layer of the skin; they are skin-identical ingredients. These types of ingredients are typically very low in risk of irritation and great for sensitive skin types.

FINAL NOTES

We hope that we are able to answer some questions to skincare ingredients that you may have.

If you have any questions or if anything is unclear, please feel free to contact us here!

We would love to help! 

 

 

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